Medical Laboratory Technician

65 credit Associate of Applied Science program

Program Resources:
Allied Health & Nursing

Placement Data: CLICK HERE

Career Resources: iSeek

Program Description:
The Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) program provides students with the basic knowledge and technical skills required to work in a medical/clinical laboratory where they perform tests that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Students receive instruction in the medical disciplines of body fluids, urinalysis, chemistry, hematology, immunohematology, microbiology, immunology, phlebotomy, and serology followed by internships in a clinical setting. Satisfactory completion of the program enables graduates to sit for the national certification exam. Employment opportunities are found in a variety of settings: hospitals, clinics, physician office labs, industry, research, and environmental facilities.

Program Accreditation:
The Medical Laboratory Technician program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS).

Program outcomes include:
• Comply with laboratory safety and compliance procedures and policies.
• Demonstrate knowledge of principles, operations, and maintenance of laboratory equipment and instruments.
• Demonstrate organized work skills resulting in efficient time and material management and utilization.
• Employ quality assurance techniques to monitor procedures, equipment, and competency.
• Correlate laboratory findings to common disease processes.
• Demonstrate standard specimen collection and processing practices employed in medical laboratory professions.
• Model professional behaviors, ethics, and appearance.
• Identify pre-analytical, analytical, and post-analytical variables that affect testing accuracy and take appropriate action.
• Perform mathematical functions as required by laboratory procedures.
• Perform information processing functions in the clinical laboratory.
• Communicate verbally and in written format with colleagues and patients in a professional manner.
• Perform a variety of diagnostic and screening test procedures according to standard operating procedures.
• Relate basic discipline principles (hematologic, chemical, immunologic, etc.) to laboratory testing and results.

Program Requirements: Click on Course Title for Course Description - Opens in new window

Course Outlines: CLICK HERE

Required Courses:
Course IDCreditsNameDescription
ALTH14401Medical Ethics and LawThis course will introduce health occupation students to basic ethical principles, codes of ethics, bioethics, and laws that govern the behaviors of health care workers today. (Prerequisites: READ0465) (1 hr lec/0 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
BIOL11414Human Anatomy and Physiology IIContinued study of body structure and function. Incorporates principles of chemistry, biochemistry, and molecular biology. A study of the endocrine system, cardiovascular system, immune system, respiratory system, urinary system, digestive system, and reproductive systems. For students in health related fields. Helps to fulfill general education lab-science requirements. Includes laboratory dissections. Builds on principles studied in BIOL1140. MTC goal areas: (3) Natural Sciences. (Prerequisites: BIOL1140) (2.5 hrs lec/3 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
COMM11003Introduction to CommunicationThis course introduces students to the concepts, models, and theories of human communication and their application to interpersonal, small group, and public speaking situations. MTC goal areas: (1) Communication (Prerequisites: College-level reading and writing) (3 hrs lec/0 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN14004Introduction to Medical Laboratory Techniques and InstrumentationThis course focuses on basic laboratory procedures common to all clinical laboratories including but not limited to: microscopy, centrifugation, pipetting, quality control, and venipuncture and dermal puncture blood collection procedures. Basic laboratory instrumentation, laboratory calculations (math), regulatory agencies, and laboratory organization will be an integral part of the course. (Prerequisites: Completion of the required pre-technical requirements: FYE1000, ALTH1410, BIOL1140, and CHEM1110) (2 hrs lec/4 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN14103Immunology and SerologyThis course focuses on the basic concepts of immunology combining theoretical principles and serological techniques commonly used in the clinical serology laboratory. Clinical features of selected disorders, their immunological dysfunction, laboratory diagnostic testing principles and procedures are included as an integral part of the course material. Autoimmune disorders, organ transplant rejection, diagnosis of infectious diseases including hepatitis B, C, HIV, and identification of tumor markers are major categories where serological test procedures are employed as diagnostic tools and which are covered in the course. (Prerequisites: Acceptance into the MLT program or instructor's consent) (2 hrs lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN14203HematologyBasic hematology theory and laboratory skills are covered in this course with the focus placed on normal blood cells (white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets), their function and recognition of their microscopic characteristics. Basic hematology procedures are practiced during the laboratory sessions; procedures that are performed in the clinical laboratory to assess the function and health of these blood cells. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1400 and MLTN1404 or instructor's consent) (2 hr lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN14225Medical MicrobiologyThis course will not only focus on basic microbiological theory and practice but will cover select pathogens found within several large microbiological families; organisms associated with familiar diseases such as diphtheria, whooping cough, syphilis, as well as those more commonly isolated from individuals in the community and in healthcare facilities. Identification of the more common disease causing agents will be the focus of the laboratory exercises. Additional fees associated with this course. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1400, MLTN1404, and MLTN1410 or instructor's consent) (3 hrs lec/4 hrs lab/0 OJT)
MLTN14242Urinalysis and Body FluidsThis course will provide the Medical Laboratory Technician student with the knowledge and laboratory skills required to function effectively in a Urinalysis and Body Fluid laboratory. Specific diseases/disorders and associated abnormal findings will be covered along with basic laboratory screening procedures. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1400 and MLTN1404 or instructor's consent) (1 hr lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN14262ImmunohematologyApplying immunological theory and practice, this course focuses primarily on transfusion of blood. Major blood groups systems (ABO, Rh) and the laboratory testing required prior to transfusing blood are emphasized heavily in this course. Quality control of equipment and reagents are discussed and practiced during laboratory exercises. Additional fees are associated with this course. (Prerequisites: Admission in the MLT program and completion of MLTN1410 or instructor's consent) (1 hr lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN14283Clinical ChemistryThis course will cover the principles, procedures and correlations of clinical chemistry. Blood and other body fluids will be studied and analyzed. Emphasis will be placed on routine chemistry laboratory methods, techniques, and quality control. (Prerequisites: Completion of MLTN1402, or instructor's consent. Completion of CHEM1110 and CHEM1310 is highly recommended) (2 hrs lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN24203Special HematologyMedical Laboratory Technician students will learn how to identify both benign and malignant diseases of the hematopoietic system including the anemias and leukemias. Diseases and corresponding screening and confirmatory test procedures and the use of automated cell counters in the measurement of hematological parameters are a primary focus of this course. Coagulation testing and disease correlation are also emphasized. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1420 or instructor's consent) (2 hrs lec/2 hrs lab/0 OJT)
MLTN24222Special MicrobiologyOva and parasites, fungal agents (yeasts and molds), mycobacterial pathogens, and viruses are the infectious groups emphasized in this course. Identification of each pathogen is emphasized and includes selection of specimens to examine, routes of transmission, isolation media, and macroscopic and microscopic characteristics as applicable. Disease correlation and disease prevention are covered as well. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1422 or instructor's consent) (1.5 hrs lec/1 hr lab/0 OJT)
MLTN24262Special ImmunohematologyThis course focuses on the collection of blood from donors looking at all aspects of that process including: donor assessment, donor unit collection, donor unit processing, and donor unit testing. More involved blood bank procedures are covered as well including: work-up of suspected transfusion reactions, panel interpretation of antibodies, and special procedures. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1426 or instructor's consent) (1 hr lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN24283Special Clinical ChemistryThis course focuses on more advanced chemistry testing and content including: endocrinology (hormones), drug testing (therapeutic and illicit use of controlled substances), arterial blood gas collection and analysis, enzymes, and tumor markers. Emphasis is placed on proper specimen collection and transport, methods, and techniques used to measure these substances, clinical conditions/diseases diagnosed, and/or monitored by these test procedures. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1428) (2 hrs lec/2 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN25001Medical Laboratory Technician SeminarThis course will provide students with the opportunity to (1) engage in exploration of new laboratory topics, (2) investigate case studies seen in their internship, (3) share information and experiences gained in their internships, and (4) participate in continuing education classes provided by other health care professionals. (Prerequisites: Enrollment in the internship portion of the Medical Laboratory Technician program [Semester V] or instructor's consent)(1 hr lec/0 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)
MLTN25056Clinical Practicum IThe Clinical Practicum I is a cooperative learning experience between the Medical Laboratory Technician program at Lake Superior College and area clinical laboratory facilities. The clinical laboratory rotations included in this practicum are: Phlebotomy and Clinical Specimen Collection, Hematology, Coagulation, Urinalysis, and Clinical Chemistry. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1400, MLTN1404, MLTN1420, MLTN1424, MLTN1428, MLTN2420, and MLTN2428) (0 hrs lec/0 hrs lab/36 hrs OJT)
MLTN25106Clinical Practicum IIThe Clinical Practicum II is a cooperative learning experience between the Medical Laboratory Technician program at Lake Superior College and area clinical laboratory facilities. The clinical laboratory rotations included in this practicum are: Clinical Blood Banking, Immunology and Serology, and Clinical Microbiology. (Prerequisites: Admission to the MLT program and completion of MLTN1400, MLTN1404, MLTN1410, MLTN1422, MLTN1426, MLTN2422, and MLTN2426) (0 hrs lec/0 hrs lab/36 hrs OJT)
PSYC11353Lifespan Developmental PsychologyA scientific, theoretical, and personal examination of physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development across the life span. MTC goal areas: (5) History and the Social and Behavioral Sciences, and (7) Human Diversity. (Prerequisites: PSYC1120 highly recommended; college-level reading and writing) (3 hrs lec/0 hrs lab/0 hrs OJT)

Other Course Requirements:
COMM1105 or ENGL1106 may be substituted for COMM1100
PHIL1130 may be substituted for ALTH1440
PSYC1120 or SOC1111 may be substituted for PSYC1135


Pre-Program Requirements:
Successful entry into this program requires a specific level of skill in the areas of English, mathematics, and reading. Program entry will depend, in part, on meeting the prerequisites listed below:

English:
• A score of 86 or higher on the Sentence Skills portion of the CPT, OR
• Completion of ENGL0460 or its equivalent transfer course or higher with a grade of “C” or better.
• If required, ENGL0460 may not be taken concurrently with Semester I coursework.

Mathematics:
• A score of 71 or higher on the Elementary Algebra Skills portion of the CPT, OR
• Completion of MATH0460 or its equivalent transfer course or higher with a grade of “C” or better.
• If required, MATH0460 may not be taken concurrently with Semester I coursework.

Reading:
• A score of 78 or higher on the Reading Comprehension portion of the CPT, OR
• Completion of READ0465 or its equivalent transfer course or higher with a grade of “C” or better.
• If required, READ0465 may not be taken concurrently with Semester I coursework.

Required Pre-technical Courses:
FYE1000 Student Success Seminar 1.00 (NOTE: This course is highly recommended to be taken prior to program start, but may be taken concurrently during Semester I of the program.)
ALTH1410 Medical Terminology 1.00
BIOL1140 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4.00
CHEM1110 Aspects of Chemistry I 3.00

NOTE: Prior to taking any MLTN courses, all courses listed above must be completed with a grade of "C" or better and a GPA of 2.6 or better.

Current certification in American Heart Association: BLS Healthcare Provider or American Red Cross: CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer is required prior to beginning the clinical internship. Current certification needs to be documented in the student file prior to going out on the clinical internship (MLTN2505 and MLTN2510). ALTH1430 will satisfy this requirement. Background study approval is required from the State of Minnesota and/or Wisconsin.

MN Transfer Curriculum:
Through General Education